IDENTIFY [[]] CLOISONNE

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Alphabetical List of JAPANESE Cloisonne MARKS page 1 of 2:

     This page will attempt to document Japanese cloisonne marks with a few published reference books as sources: 'Japanese Cloisonne' by Coben & Ferster, published by Weatherhill in 1982 and 1991,  'Japanese Cloisonne' by Gregory Irvine, published by the Victoria and Albert Museum in 2006, Gary Yoshino's 'Japanese Cloisonne Enamels', privately published in 2007, and the latest large hardcover in-depth publication 'The Art of Japanese Cloisonne Enamel' by Fredric T. Schneider, published by McFarland & Company in 2010. Only 5 % of Japanese cloisonne items are marked, and out of these 5% not all marks have been identified.

     Coben & Ferster's book started as a Master's thesis for Dorothy C. Ferster. The siblings travelled to Japan many times, and conducted extensive research while there, as well as visit many museums and galleries worldwide. They discussed Japanese cloisonne pieces and collections with the descendants of some of the more famous Japanese master craftmen, such as Hayashi Kodenji and Ando Jubei. They were able to assemble first hand knowledge about Japanese cloisonne marks, that was not available before their book's first publication in 1982. In spite of this newly found information, they were assiduous in their attributions, and only published the marks of craftsmen they had confirmed, by a second unimpeachable source. Because of this, I chose them as my primary source.

     Gregory Irvine is the senior curator in the Victoria and Albert Museum's Asian Department in London England, he specializes in Japanese metalwork. His smaller book is mostly based on a catalogue of the Edwin Davies cloisonne collection, with a first chapter discussing the history and the technique of Japanese cloisonne, using the museum collection. Mr. Irvine included images of the marks with the catalogued items, a very useful approach when identifying Japanese cloisonne. One that I also believe in and promote on this page.

     Gary Yoshino is a USA cloisonne collector and accredited financial consultant of Japanese descent, based in California. Early on, he focused on signed Japanese cloisonne pieces for his collection, and made a great effort to identify these pieces. He had the advantage of understanding Japanese Kanji script and symbols, and combined his findings with the knowledge of other Japanese Kanji experts, as well as previous publication's information. His book contains the most comprehensive list so far. Many of his mark identifications have not been verified and are strictly based on the Japanese Kanji phonetic translation, which can vary slightly depending on the context and reader. There were hundreds of Japanese cloisonne enamelers during the period of 1850 to 1975, the Coben book list 239 by name. As you can imagine, we are not even close to identifying them all.

Mr. Schneider's book adds more identified marks to what we had documented so far, and mostly agrees with previous information. He is an American scholar with degrees from Yale University.

     The original center for cloisonne production in Japan was Nagoya. A nearby village called Toshima, became known as Shippo-Mura (the cloisonne village), the initiator there was Hayashi Shogoro, in 1856, an early student of Kaji Tsunekichi (1808-1883) and instructor to Hayashi Kodenji. In the following decades, several cloisonne master-craftsmen had their workshops or studios located in or near the city of Nagoya: Hattori Tadasaburo, Ota Tameshiro, Hayashi Kodenji and Ando Jubei. 

     Namikawa Yasuyuki, a high status samurai, studied the art of cloisonne in Nagoya, then established his own studio and workshop in Kyoto. He instructed Inaba Nanaho (or Shichiho), a textile engineer, who moved on to create his own cloisonne in a Kyoto workshop in 1888, calling it the Inaba Cloisonne Company. When Japanese cloisonne became a sought-after collectible by the upper class Europeans, Ando Jubei opened a shop in the Ginza district of Tokyo, in 1887, while keeping his workshop in Nagoya.

     Namikawa Sosuke, a businessman, had no training in the art of cloisonne, he bought the Nagoya Cloisonne Company who had a branch in Tokyo, moved the whole operation there, and hired the most experienced and talented craftsmen he could find.

     During this golden era of Japanese cloisonne: 5 workshops-studios and their master craftsmen were HIGHLY valued and recognized, they had the honor of being the official purveyors to the Meiji imperial palaces and their court gentry.

     They were:

  • NAMIKAWA YASUYUKI
  • NAMIKAWA SOSUKE
  • ANDO JUBEI
  • HAYASHI KODENJI
  • HATTORI TADASABURO

The site analysis shows that this page is the most popular by far. I plan to publish an Ebook with appropriate software, containing the information here, designed for an easy read and view on your hand held readers. This is a 2011 project that will be available for sale by next fall.


Alphabetical order, with identical family name pieces grouped together, in the Japanese manner with family name first, then given name. 
Some biographical information added if available.
Click on images for a link to the largest format.
MISCELLANEOUS contains single identified items. 
UNKNOWN contain pieces that still need to be identified.
Click on images for the largest version available.

AKAGI

Japanese Export Company Post WWII in production 1945-50

Similar Motif Floral Vase
marks/upsignedyellowvase1.jpg
Signed AKAGI SHOTEN

Similar Motif Floral Vase
taggedMarks/upsignedyellowvase2.jpg
Signed AKAGI SHOTEN

Modern Cloisonne Vase
marks/diamondsignedbluevase1.jpg
AKAGI SHOTEN EXPORTERS

Modern Post 1950 Vase
marks/signedyellowvase3.jpg
AKAGI SHOTEN Exporters

Modern Post 1950 Vase
taggedMarks/signedyellowvase2.jpg
AKAGI SHOTEN Exporters

ANDO

Master craftsman, Ando Jubei established his shop in Nagoya in 1881. Instrumental in several cloisonne innovations such as: clear enamel over repousse base, and opaque cloisonne moriage enamel motifs over opaque base, as well as plique-a-jour inspired by a French artist. His chief foremen for workshop production were Kaji Sataro, grandson of Tsunekichi from 1881 to 1897, and in 1897 Kawade Shibataro (1856-1921?), who was innovative and highly skilled. His mark is a gourd inside the ANDO 4 petal round mon or 'maltese cross'. Still in operation today, the longest lasting of all the Japanese cloisonne companies.

Koi Fish Wireless Ground Vase
marks/andovasekoi2.jpg
Signed ANDO In Wire

Koi Fish Wireless Ground Vase
taggedMarks/andovasekoi1.jpg
Signed ANDO In Wire

Fake 1920 ANDO CLOISONNE
marks/andovasespair3.jpg
Signed Similar Ando Mark

FAKE 1920 ANDO CLOISONNE
marks/andovasespair3.jpg
Signed Similar ANDO Mark

FAKE 1920 ANDO CLOISONNE
taggedMarks/andovasespair1.jpg
Signed Similar ANDO MARK

Akasuke Ball Vase Flying Cranes
marks/hayashisignedpitchforkvase3.jpg
Signed ANDO Mark

Akasuke Ball Vase Flying Cranes
taggedMarks/cranevaseando3.jpg
Signed ANDO Mark

Akasuke Ball Vase Flying Cranes
taggedMarks/cranevaseando2.jpg
Silver Rim Marked

Rare Pink Wireless Censer
marks/inabapinkcenser1.jpg
Kanji Signed ANDO Made

Rare Pink Wireless Censer
taggedMarks/returninginabapinkcenser3.jpg
Kanji Signed ANDO Made

Ando Vase Modern
marks/andovase1.jpg
Mid-20th Century

Ando Vase Modern
taggedMarks/andovase3.jpg
Mid-20th Century

Wireless Ando Vase
marks/uprecentandovase2.jpg
Signed & Boxed

Wireless Ando Vase
taggedMarks/recentandovase1.jpg
Signed & Boxed

Modern Smoking Set
study-images/upandostudybox1.jpg
ANDO Label for GUMPS

Modern Smoking Set
labels-boxes/fxrecentandolabelset4.jpg
ANDO Label for GUMPS

Small Scholar's Box
study-images/upandolifttopbox2.jpg
Signed ANDO 1900

Small Scholar's Box
study-images/upandolifttopbox1.jpg
Signed Ando

Ando Cobalt Blue Vase
marks/andonavyvase2.jpg
Signed 1920s

Ando Cobalt Blue Vase
taggedMarks/andonavyvase1.jpg
1920s

Presentation Vase & Box
marks/presentationandovase2700price1.jpg
Signed ANDO

Presentation Vase & Box
taggedMarks/presentationandovase2400pricebox3.jpg
Signed ANDO

Presentation Vase & Box
labels-boxes/presentationandovase2400priceboxdetails1.jpg
Both Signed Ando

Green Prunus Box
taggedMarks/andogreenboxsigned2up.jpg
Ando Signed 1920s

ANDO MARKED VASE
japan1900to1920/andomarkvase2.jpg
OLDER SILVER CLOISONNE MARK 1930

ANDO MARKED VASES
taggedMarks/uptgandomarkfile.jpg
1920-30

Modern Monochrome Vase
marks/unknownboxmark2.jpg
Signed ANDO

Modern Monochrome Vase
taggedMarks/andotaishobluevase3.jpg
Signed ANDO

Modern Monochrome Vase
taggedMarks/andotaishobluevase2.jpg
Pure Silver Rim Mark ANDO

ANDO Commission
taggedMarks/kikunomonandopair.jpg
Imperial Mon Vases

Green Prunus Box
marks/andogreenboxsigned1up.jpg
Ando Signed 1920s

GONDA

1865-1937

Gonda Signed Vase
taggedMarks/gondasignedfugivase2.jpg
Meiji Late Period

Gonda Signed Vase
marks/gondasignedfugivase2.jpg
Meiji Late Period

GONDA HIROSUKE GOURD VASE
marks/gondabrownvase2.jpg
CIRCA 1890

GONDA HIROSUKE GOURD VASE
taggedMarks/gondabrownvase1.jpg
CIRCA 1890

Moriage Fish Bowl Planter
marks/upgondasignedmoriagefishbowl1.jpg
Signed GONDA In Enamel

Moriage Fish Bowl Planter
taggedMarks/gondasignedmoriagefishbowl8.jpg
Signed GONDA In Enamel

HAYASHI

Hayashi Kodenji, lifespan 1831-1915, student of Tsukamoto Kaisuke (1828-1887), who was intructed by Hayashi Shogoro, a Kaji student. First cloisonne produced in 1863, in Nagoya area. He walked to the port of Yokohama to sell his wares. Following in his footsteps, his son Hayashi Kodenji II(1859-1922), and his son Hayashi Kodenji III (1879-1944), with Hayashi Kodenji IV, born 1903, an important contributor to the Coben & Ferster book, at age 75. He generously provided familial knowledge, experience and his personal cloisonne collection for review. Other Yayashi craftsmen listed here may be related or not, I have no detailed information about them.

Magnificent Pair Feather Vases
marks/yamamotovase2.jpg
Signed HAYASHI TANIGORO

Magnificent Pair Feather Vases
taggedMarks/hayashitanigoropairvases1.jpg
Signed HAYASHI TANIGORO

Large Black Floral Vase
taggedMarks/upsignedpanelvase2.jpg
HAYASHI YOJIRO

Large Black Floral Vase
marks/UPnewmarkblackvase2.jpg
HAYASHI YOJIRO

Unusual Figural Harvest Vase
marks/125upstoryforagingvases2.jpg
Signed Bandana HAYASHI

Pair Deep Blue Floral Vases
marks/hayashisignedpitchforkvase3.jpg
Signed HAYASHI (Kodenji)

Pair Deep Blue Floral Vases
taggedMarks/hayashisignedpitchforkvase1.jpg
Signed HAYASHI (Kodenji)

Bright Meiji Ginbari Vase
marks/fxunknownsignedginvase2-2.jpg
HAYASHI KIHYOE CLAN C1910

Bright Meiji Ginbari Vase
taggedMarks/fxsignedsilverwirevase1.jpg
HAYASHI KIHYOE CLAN C1910

Black Dragon Ginbari Vase
marks/upsignedpanelvase1.jpg
Hayashi Hachizaemon

Black Dragon Ginbari Vase
taggedMarks/upsignedpanelvase2.jpg
Hayashi Hachizaemon signed

PRETTY MEIJI VASE
marks/mysterysignedvase3.jpg
HAYASHI, CHUZO C1900

PRETTY MEIJI VASE
taggedMarks/mysterysignedvase1.jpg
HAYASHI, CHUZO C1900

Unusual Figural Harvest Story Vase
taggedMarks/115upheadbandsigned1.jpg
Bandana Signed HAYASHI

Gorgeous Green Figural Box
marks/upfantasticgreengodbox8.jpg
Hayashi Tanigoro 1910

Gorgeous Green Figural Box
taggedMarks/upfantasticgreengodbox4.jpg
Hayashi Tanigoro 1910

Beautiful LARGE Floral Vase
marks/hayashisignedpitchforkvase3.jpg
Signed HAYASHI KODENJI

Beautiful LARGE Floral Vase
taggedMarks/hayashikodenjimark16coben2.jpg
Signed HAYASHI KODENJI

Silver Rim Blue Bird Vase
marks/hayashisignedpitchforkvase3.jpg
Signed HAYASHI KODENJI

Silver Rim Blue Bird Vase
taggedMarks/diamondhayashivase1.jpg
Signed HAYASHI KODENJI

Rare Massive Meiji Tray
marks/upmassivehayashikocharger87cmsigned.jpg
Signed Hayashi Kodenji

Rare Massive Meiji Tray
taggedMarks/massivehayashikocharger87cmsigned2.jpg
Signed Hayashi Kodenji

Wireless Fall Color Vase
marks/upsignedpanelvase1.jpg
HAYASHI, KANAME C1950

Wireless Fall Color Vase
taggedMarks/upsignedpanelvase2.jpg
HAYASHI, KANAME C1950

INABA

Workshop established mid-Meiji period by Inaba Nanaho (or Shichiho) a textile engineer, in 1887 in Kyoto, called 'The Inaba Cloisonne Company'. Apprentice to  Namikawa Y. and known to the Namikawa's of Tokyo. Succeeded by his son of the same name, then succeded by Inaba Katsumi during the 20th century. This company was not in the league of the top earlier companies, did not win prizes, Imperial patronage, or was recognized as a producer of high quality cloisonne pieces. They excelled in making fine export items for the West and ensured their longevity in this way. The company closed it's doors in the late 1980s, making it the 2nd longest lasting cloisonne enterprise after Ando. They created colorful and dense floral cloisonne motifs on white ground, and elaborate cloisonne scenes with peacocks and foliage. Boxes, vases, dishes, plates and table screens were typical items, with some commissioned utilitarian items bearing the owners initials such as ashtrays, coasters etc.

INABA SIGNED CLOISONNE BOX
marks/inabasignedbox3.jpg
Late 20TH CENTURY

INABA SIGNED CLOISONNE BOX
taggedMarks/UPinabarecentbox2.jpg
EARLY 20TH CENTURY

Traditional Black Floral Plate
taggedMarks/UPinabaplatesigned5.jpg
Signed Inaba Circle Mark

Traditional Black Floral Plate
marks/UPinabaplatesigned5.jpg
Signed Inaba Circle Mark

Akasuke Translucent Floral Vase
marks/upakasukefloralvasesigned2.jpg
Presentation Signed INABA?

Akasuke Translucent Floral Vase
taggedMarks/upreturningmark1.jpg
Presentation Signed INABA?

Superb Silver Rim Censer
marks/hayashisignedpitchforkvase3.jpg
INABA C1910

Superb Silver Rim Censer
taggedMarks/censerhayashisilverbodysigned3.jpg
INABA C1910

INABA FLORAL CLOISONNE COASTER
taggedMarks/inabasignedcoaster1.jpg
LATER PRODUCT 1930 - NICKEL BASE

INABA FLORAL CLOISONNE COASTER
marks/inabasignedcoaster2.jpg
LATER PRODUCT 1930 - NICKEL BASE

Post 1960 INABA Blue Box
taggedMarks/inaba50sbox5.jpg
Signed Inaba Base & Interior

Post 1960 INABA Blue Box
taggedMarks/inaba50sbox4.jpg
Signed Inaba Base & Interior

Post 1960 INABA Blue Box
study-images/upinaba50sbox5.jpg
Signed Inaba Base & Interior

White Multi Floral Music Box
study-images/upwhiteINABAmusicboxsigned8.jpg
Signed INABA On Base

White Multi Floral Music Box
study-images/upwhiteINABAmusicboxsigned8.jpg
Signed INABA On Base

Dark Blue Autumn Vase
marks/UPhayashiorinabavase1.jpg
Signed INABA Mark 1920s

Traditional Temple Container
marks/upinabachalice1.jpg
Signed INABA

Floral Lid Box 1946-52
study-images/upcposignedinababox1.jpg
INABA Signed CPO

Floral Lid Box 1946-52
study-images/upcposignedinababox1.jpg
INABA Signed CPO

Floral Lid Box 1946-52
taggedMarks/cposignedinababox1.jpg
INABA Signed CPO (Central Purchasing Office)

Sage Green Column Vase
marks/uplargeinabavasesigned1.jpg
Signed INABA Mark

Dark Blue Autumn Vase
taggedMarks/returning2hayashiorinabavase2.jpg
Signed INABA Mark 1920s

Rare Meiji Crane Vase
taggedMarks/cranegreenvasesigned3.jpg
Signed Early INABA

Rare Meiji Crane Vase
marks/hayashisignedpitchforkvase3.jpg
Signed Early INABA

Recent Inaba Box
marks/UPinabarecentbox1.jpg
Black Base

Recent Blue Inaba Box
textures/UPinabarecentbox4.jpg
Inside Box Mark Inaba

Recent Inaba Box
taggedMarks/UPinabarecentbox2.jpg
Inside Box Mark Inaba

Four Sided Pictorial Vase
taggedMarks/inabasilvervase.jpg
Signed INABA

Four Sided Pictorial Vase
marks/upinabasilvervase2.jpg
Signed INABA

KUMENO TEITARO

1865-1939 Nagoya

TEITARO GINBARI GEISHA VASE
marks/teitarosignedvase2.jpg
CIRCA 1915-20

TEITARO GINBARI GEISHA VASE
taggedMarks/teitarosignedvase1.jpg
CIRCA 1915-20

Pretty Floral Ginbari Vase
taggedMarks/upkumenoteirarovase2.jpg
Signed Kumeno Teitaro

Fine Koi Tsuiki Vase
marks/upkumenoteitarofishvase2.jpg
Meiji Kumeno Teitaro

Fine Koi Tsuiki Vase
taggedMarks/upkumenoteitarofishvase1.jpg
Meiji Kumeno Teitaro

Tsuiki Koi Waterfall Vase
taggedMarks/UPsignedwaterfalltsuikivase1.jpg
Signed KUMENO Teitaro

Tsuiki Koi Waterfall Vase
marks/upsignedwaterfalltsuikivase2.jpg
Signed KUMENO Teitaro

TEITARO AKASUKE ENAMEL VASE
marks/teirarosignedakasukevase2.jpg
CIRCA 1900

TEITARO AKASUKE ENAMEL VASE
taggedMarks/teirarosignedakasukevase1.jpg
CIRCA 1900

Pretty Floral Ginbari Vase
marks/upkumenoteirarovase1.jpg
Signed Kumeno Teitaro

Exotic Meiji Egret Vase
taggedMarks/upsignedegretvase4.jpg
Kumeno in Gourd Reserve

Exotic Meiji Egret Vase
marks/upsignedegretvase4.jpg
Kumeno in Gourd Reserve

Squat Akasuke Meiji Vase
marks/upakasukesigned1.jpg
Signed Kumeno Teitaro

Squat Akasuke Meiji Vase
taggedMarks/akasukesignedvase2.jpg
Signed Kumeno Teitaro

MING, FUKU Etc.

Chinese archaic marks and symbols, used by early Japanese cloisonne craftsmen, pieces usually heavily influenced by Chinese designs. Used 1860-1890.

MING INFLUENCED EARLY JAPAN
marks/fixedmingmarkjapanbowl1-3.jpg
1880 MAT ENAMEL CLOISONNE

MING INFLUENCED EARLY JAPAN
taggedMarks/mingmarkjapanbowl3.jpg
1880 MAT ENAMEL CLOISONNE

Pair Early Japanese Jars
study-images/uppairjapanmingmarkjars1.jpg
Archaic Base Ming Mark

Early Japan Jars
taggedMarks/UPmingsignedurn2.jpg
Signed GREAT MING

Early Floral Blue or Orange Vase
taggedMarks/upcommonearlyfloralvase2.jpg
Signed 'Great Ming' 1890

Early Floral Blue or Orange Vase
marks/upcommonearlyfloralvase1.jpg
Signed 'Great Ming' 1890

Early Mat Enamel Vase
marks/upfukudiamondvasesigned3.jpg
Signed FUKU

Early Mat Enamel Vase
taggedMarks/UPfukudiamondvasesigned1.jpg
Signed FUKU

Pheasant On a Rock Motif
marks/upfakemingpheasantjar2.jpg
Meiji 1890 Signed MING
Pheasant On A Rock Motif
taggedMarks/upfakemingpheasantjar1.jpg
Meiji Signed MING

Blue Handled Lotus Motifs Vase
marks/132uptsuikimark1.jpg
Signed FUKU Symbol

Blue Handled Lotus Motifs Vase
taggedMarks/118upfukumarkblackvase2.jpg
Signed FUKU Symbol

Rare White Enamel Vase
study-images/upquestionurn10.jpg
Elaborate FUKU Mark

Rare White Enamel Vase
taggedMarks/upquestionurn3.jpg
Elaborate FUKU Mark

Rare Early Figural Vase
taggedMarks/upsmallmingsignedvase1.jpg
'Great Ming' Mark

Rare Figural Early Vase
study-images/upsmallmingsignedvase2.jpg
'Great Ming' Mark

Round Kyoto Dragon Box
marks/upearlyjapboxfuku1.jpg
Signed FUKU

Round Dragon Box
taggedMarks/upearlyjapboxfuku2.jpg
Signed FUKU

Small Chinese Dragon Vase
study-images/upearlyjapanvasesignedming2.jpg
Meiji Archaic 'Great Ming' Mark

Black and White Daisy Vase
marks/132uptsuikimark1.jpg
Signed THE GREAT MING

Black and White Daisy Vase
taggedMarks/118upfukumarkblackvase2.jpg
Signed THE GREAT MING

Small Chinese Dragon Vase
taggedMarks/earlyjapanvasesignedming.jpg
Meiji Archaic 'Great Ming' Mark

Large Dragon Vase
marks/upfakeminglargedragonvase1.jpg
Meiji 1890 Ming Signed
Large Dragon Vase
taggedMarks/upfakeminglargedragonvase3.jpg
Meiji 1890 Signed Ming
Trumpet Handled Meiji
marks/upsignedearlyjapanvase1.jpg
Ming Signed Vase

Elegant Early Meiji Vase
marks/greatmingsignedvase1up.jpg
Signed GREAT MING

Japan Bowl Early Ho Birds
japan1850to1900/fxfinemingmarkjapanbowl1.jpg
Signed GREAT MING

Japan Bowl Early Ho Birds
taggedMarks/finemingmarkjapanbowl3.jpg
Signed GREAT MING

White Early FangHu Vase
marks/upfukucloisonnesquarevase3.jpg
FUKU Mark

White Early Fanghu Vase
taggedMarks/upfukucloisonnesquarevase1.jpg
FUKU Mark 1870

Busy Peacock Design Plate
marks/upmyhobirdplate3.jpg
Signed 'Great Ming"

Busy Peacock Plate
taggedMarks/myhobirdplate6.jpg
Signed 'Great Ming'

Orange Version Floral Vase
marks/upsignedmingorangevase1.jpg
Signed GREAT MING

Orange Version Floral Vase
taggedMarks/UPsignedmingorangevase2.jpg
Signed GREAT MING

Fancy Scholar's Desk Box
taggedMarks/uprarejapanfukubox3.jpg
1890 Meiji Signed FUKU
Fancy Scholar's Desk Box
marks/uprarejapanfukubox1.jpg
1890 Meiji Signed FUKU

Mixed Wire Footed Bowl
taggedMarks/upmycloisonnebowl.jpg
Signed FUKU

Mixed Wire Footed Bowl
study-images/upbowlfuku001.jpg
Signed FUKU

Lotus Censer Fuku Symbols
marks/greatmingsignedvase1up.jpg
Signed FUKU Early Meiji

Lotus Censer FUKU Symbols
taggedMarks/greatmingsignedvase2up.jpg
Signed FUKU Mark

Elegant Early Meiji Vase
taggedMarks/greatmingsignedvase2up.jpg
Signed GREAT MING Mark

Edo Type Early Bowl
taggedMarks/voisjapanbowlming2.jpg
Hat & Ming Mark

Edo type Japanese bowl
marks/voisjapanbowlming1.jpg
Marked Ming

Chinese Style Bronze Dish
taggedMarks/returningrarecenser5.jpg
Mandarin Hat MING COPY

Chinese Style Bronze Dish
marks/yamamotovase2.jpg
Mandarin Hat MING COPY

Yellow Lotus Motif Jar
japan1850to1900/fukusignedjar1.jpg
1860 Japanese FUKU

signed Japanese jar
japan1850to1900/fukusignedjar1.jpg
note Chinese lotus form decorations

Rare Japan FUKU Bowl
taggedMarks/uprarejapanbowl2.jpg
Signed Elaborate Ming Mark

Rare Japan FUKU Bowl
marks/uprarejapanbowl1.jpg
Signed Elaborate Ming Mark

Reptile Handle Taoist Vase
WOWpieces/upelephanthandlevase4.jpg
Archaic 'Great Ming' Mark 1880

Reptile Handle Taoist Vase
taggedMarks/upelephanthandlevase13.jpg
Archaic 'Great Ming' Mark

Early Floral Censer
taggedMarks/fxmingsignedjar1.jpg
Archaic 'Great Ming' Mark

Early Floral Censer
marks/fxmingsignedjar2.jpg
Archaic 'Great Ming' Mark

High Chinese Influence Vase
marks/upmingsignedtrumpetvase1.jpg
Archaic Great Ming Mark

High Chinese Influence Vase
taggedMarks/upmingsignedtrumpetvase2.jpg
Archaic Great Ming Mark

Copyright 2009-2014 for content and design 

      Any website content that is original content as found here, is automatically protected by the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. My website information is not available to be copied or used by anyone, unless I have given specific permission to do so.  I'm aware of the 'fair use' exceptions.

   As this 'free' site and it's innovative content represent much hands-on knowledge, years of research, with unique images (acquired with permission or owned by me), any type of usage by other parties devalues the site, and is not FAIR. I will be adding my site tag in the middle of cloisonne mark images, to discourage unlawful copying.