IDENTIFY [[]] CLOISONNE

HOME | CONTACT | HISTORY | QUICK CHECK | ITEMS 1850-1880 | ITEMS 1880-1920 | ITEMS 1920-1950+ | STUDIES & BOOKS | WOW Gallery | China Marks + | JAPAN MARKS (1) | JAPAN MARKS (2) | Old Catalogues & Expos | NOT CLOISONNE | GLOSSARY | DESIGN & MOTIFS | OTHER Countries

FAKE, FAUX, and definitely NOT CLOISONNE

     This page illustrates various Oriental and European decorative items, that are sometimes described as 'cloisonne' but are not. They are separated in three main groups: ceramic,  enamelware, and champleve. Some modern ceramic decorations, were specifically designed to mimick Oriental cloisonne,or were named 'cloisonne' by the maker as their pattern name or motif: such as merchandise by the USA Company TAKAHASHI.

     In Europe several manufacturers, influenced by the prevalent Japonism taste at the end of the 19th century, began producing heavily enameled and brilliantly colored ceramic pieces, often called cloisonne today: such as Longwy in France and Moorcroft in England. In China, many exports were made with plain hand painted  enamel applications, on metal decorative bases that did not require cloisons, these are collectable in their own right: called Chinese or 'Canton' enamel, or Chinese enamelware.

     French and Japanese champleve pieces are often called 'cloisonne' , but the metal surfaces have been impressed, carved, etched or repousse to leave a low relief design surface, where enamels were then added to fill the cavities and kiln fired, completing the intended colorful motifs and design.

The middle East and India have produced enamel on metal vessels for centuries. Also called cloisonne, but in a completely different class, as the metal is etched, impressed with a very thin layer of enamel applied to complete the designs.

Modern cloisonne items, factory made in mass production are confusing because they look like cloisonne, till you realise that the bands of metal separating the motifs are not enclosed, and the metal base was built with an elevated metal edge. The enamels applied then fill in the surface evenly.

     Cloisonne must have a metal cloison (enclosure) applied to a smooth hard surface; then filled with enamel, fired, filled again, till enamel rises evenly to the height of the attached metal cloisons wires. Of course, Japanese cloisonne with it's multitude of variations, puts this simple explanation to a disadvantage. Their experiments and innovations brought 'wireless' cloisonne', with metal cloisons removed before firing; and erased cloisonne, when cloisons were disolved with sulphuric acid after firing, among many others variations.

     There are also instances when an object displays a mix of decorative styles. Such as a lacquer bowl with a cloisonne insert, or a bronze figurine with a few applied cloisonne motifs. These pieces would still be called, lacquer and bronze, not cloisonne.

Click on image for largest version

CERAMICS

CHINESE ENAMELS

CHAMPLEVE

Takahashi Porcelain Set
notcloisonne/takahashiset.jpg
Modern Cloisonne Pattern

Takahashi Porcelain Plate
notcloisonne/takahashiset.jpg
Modern Cloisonne Pattern

Takahashi Porcelain Jar
notcloisonne/takahashiset.jpg
Modern Cloisonne Pattern

Takahashi Porcelain Jar
notcloisonne/takahashiset.jpg
Modern Cloisonne Pattern

Large Longwy Charger
notcloisonne/uplongwycharger14in.jpg
Early 20th Century

Tibetan Jewelled Foo Dog
notcloisonne/chinesetibetangroup-dog.jpg
Metal with Crude Glass inserts

Bill YEE Synthetic Glassy Bowl
notcloisonne/upbillyeeboxedlabel3inbowl2.jpg
Applied Wire Export 1990s

Chinese Brass Export Box
notcloisonne/fakepliqueajour2.jpg
Champleve Enamel Panels

Chinese Canton Enamel Box
notcloisonne/chineseenamelbox5.jpg
Hand Painted Vintage Export

Chinese Canton Enamel Vase
notcloisonne/chineseenamelbox5.jpg
Hand Painted Panel

notcloisonne/earlyjapanchamplevevase2.jpg
Chinese Champleve Vase with Bead Handles

Japanese Champleve Jar
notcloisonne/fxjapanchamplevejar.jpg
Export Meiji 1900

India Champleve Jar
othercountries/fxindiaenameljar.jpg
Brass Export 1950s

INDIA Champleve Bowl
notcloisonne/russianspoonsilver1.jpg
Vintage 20th century

Chinese Champleve Enamel Box
notcloisonne/chineseenamelbox5.jpg
Fine 1900 Export Enamel

Bronze & Champleve Vase
notcloisonne/upjapanchampleve.jpg
Japan C1890 Fanghu

Moorcroft Ceramic Vase
notcloisonne/moorcroftreliefvase1.jpg
Vintage Cloisonne Influence

Moorcroft Ceramic Dish
notcloisonne/moorcroftreliefvase1.jpg
Vintage Cloisonne Influence

20th C. Longwy Ceramic Trivet
notcloisonne/moorcroftreliefvase1.jpg
French Cloisonne Influence

Exterior Longwy Marked Bowl
notcloisonne/moorcroftreliefvase1.jpg
Vintage Cloisonne Design

Interior Longwy Ceramic Bowl
notcloisonne/moorcroftreliefvase1.jpg
Early Vintage 20th Enamels

Vintage Enamel Ware
notcloisonne/persianenamelplate.jpg
Persian Influenced

Enamel Ware Repousse
notcloisonne/persianenamelplate.jpg
Middle Eastern Style

Chinese Repousse Box
notcloisonne/persianenamelplate.jpg
Export Enamel Ware

Chinese Crude Bird
notcloisonne/chinesetibetangroup-birds6.jpg
Export Glass Inserts

Chinese Enamel Repousse Jar
notcloisonne/chineseenamelbox1.jpg
Brass Export Early 20th

Japan Champleve Bronze Urn
notcloisonne/japanchamplevevase1.jpg
Export Circa 1920

Japan Champleve Vase
notcloisonne/japanchamplevevase1.jpg
Export Circa 1920

Japan Champleve Vase
notcloisonne/japanchamplevevase1.jpg
Export Circa 1920

Japan Champleve Vase
notcloisonne/japanchamplevevase1.jpg
Export Circa 1920

Moorcroft Ceramic Vase
notcloisonne/moorcroftreliefvase1.jpg
Vintage Enamel Slip Design

Longwy Dish
notcloisonne/emauxlongwybowl3.jpg
Cloisonne Influenced Design

Cloisonne Style Vase
notcloisonne/chineseceramicfaux2.jpg
Recent Chinese Porcelain

Japanese Fahua Porcelain
notcloisonne/chineseceramicfaux2.jpg
Chinese Inspired Slip Design

Japan Modern Ceramic Set
notcloisonne/upfuaxjapancloisonne1.jpg
Faux Cloisonne Export

Chinese Repousse Bell
notcloisonne/chineseenamelbox1.jpg
Enamel Export Early 20th

Chinese Canton Enamel Set
notcloisonne/cantonexamp2.jpg
Vintage Export Mid-20th

Chinese Canton Enamel Box
notcloisonne/cantonexamp2.jpg
Vintage Export Mid-20th

Vintage Tibet Wine Pot
notcloisonne/cantonexamp2.jpg
Glass Inserts Metal Base

Ceramic Pair Vases
notcloisonne/upfauxcloisonnejapanvases.jpg
Japan Faux Cloisonne

Champleve Enamel Spoon
notcloisonne/russianspoonsilver1.jpg
EURO Gilded 20th century

Greek Champleve Clip
notcloisonne/russianspoonsilver1.jpg
Vintage 20th Export

Top Silver Champleve Box
notcloisonne/russianspoonsilver1.jpg
Vintage 20th Russian

French Champleve Ink Set
notcloisonne/russianspoonsilver1.jpg
Early 20th century

French Champleve Inkstand
notcloisonne/frenchchampleveinkwellstand.jpg
Antique 1890

Red Champleve & Ormoulu Setting Vases
notcloisonne/frenchormouluenamelurns.jpg
French Pair Vases Table Centerpiece

French Champleve Frame
notcloisonne/russianspoonsilver1.jpg
Early 20th century

European Champleve Wall Plate
notcloisonne/russianspoonsilver1.jpg
Vintage 20th century

French Champleve Watch
othercountries/frenchwatch.jpg
Luxury Early 20th

Copyright 2009-2014 content and design. 

      Any website content that is original content as found here, is automatically protected by the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. My website information is not available to be copied or used by anyone, unless I have given specific permission to do so.  I'm aware of the 'fair use' exceptions.

   As this 'free' site and it's innovative content represent much hands-on knowledge, years of research, with unique images (acquired with permission or owned by me), any type of usage by other parties devalues the site, and is not FAIR. I will be adding my site tag in the middle of cloisonne mark images, to discourage unlawful copying.